‘Sinharaja’ Rain forest was named a national park and a biodiversity hotspot in 1978 and was designated as a Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site in 1988 by UNESCO. This is a low land rain forest which is diffused in over 88.64 km2 in ‘Sabaragamuwa’ and ‘Southern’ provinces.
Because of the dense vegetation, you may not come across many wildlife as at dry-zone national parks such asYala.but about 3 elephants and 15 leopards could be seen . Purple faced Languor, a hereditary animal species in Sri Lanka is abundant.
Out of 26 hereditary bird species in Sri lanka, there are about 20 species including Red- faced Malkoha, Green-billed coucal and Sri lanka blue magpie to be seen in this zone.
There are Green pit viper and Hump-nosed viper with hereditary reptile species and diversed Tree frogs in a large amphibious diversity . A Sri lankan hereditary species like Common bird wing butterfly and leech are there too.’ Veniwelgata’ ( Coscinium frenestatum ) and orchid species are abundant.
There are 3 ways to enter ‘Sinharaja’.
We select Pitadeniya entrance. South end of ‘Sinharaja’ is the most important division. At present this is administered by forest department ,and camp site is called “Pitadeniya wana niwahana” which is meant for tourists.
- Kudawa entrance.
- Pitadeniya entrance.
- Morningside entrance.
In the entourage the last city we arrive is “Deniyaya” and up to “Deniyaya” the road is in very good condition. If we use Southern highway we can easily reach “Deniyaya” from Colombo within 2 hours. If not it will take nearly 3 hours.
There is a road through enchanting Tea estates and Charming Paddy fields to enter “Mederipitiya” village which runs via “Pallegama” from “Deniyaya” .Without any difficulty you can travel in an ordinary vehicle on this road and also some buses run from “Deniyaya” to “Medaripititya”. Accessible destination by a vehicle is “Mederipitiya” bus halt. From there you have to walk passing a bridge , a temple, marvelous Tea estates and beautiful paddy fields and through home gardens experiencing the beauty, cool climate and then to the entrance. For sure you will be able to feel the charming beauty and untouched countryside in a virgin nature.
You can hire a guide if necessary and also can obtain the instructions and maps at the entrance. Of course you may easily find a villager from “Mederipitiya” or “Lankagama” village. A guide can be found from “Deniyaya” town if you are a foreigner.
You will also experience the freshness of pure water flowing down streams and lovely waterfalls.
Close to the camp site (Pitadeniya wana niwahana) you can observe,
Other than that you can enjoy the beauty of Giant shorea tree [250m] and Aranua Ela which feeds the water falls. Even though you might be tired a little, you will feel marvelous after a fresh bath in one of the silvery waterfalls mentioned above. Other than that it will take another day to experience
- “Pathan oya Ella” (1.75 km)
- “Kekuna Ella“ (600m)
- “Malmora Ella” (2.5 km)
- "Duwili Ella".
- "Brahmana Ella".
- "Thattu Ella".
which are close to ‘Lankagama’ . But it is a fortune to feel and experience this unpolluted and untouched enchanting beauty of the nature.